November 13, 2013

What is the Status of the Corrective Action Program?

In 1984, EPA received authorization under the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) for implementing the corrective action program. The intent of the program is to 1) clean up contamination from waste disposal that occurred prior to the start of the RCRA program in 1980, and 2) keep or return land to productive use.

EPA recently published a document entitled RCRA Corrective Action: Case Studies Report. The report explains the purpose and history of the program, its current status, and future goals. Highlights include:

The agency’s goal is to increase each of the above three percentages to 95% by 2020.

EPA’s report also contains 14 case studies of corrective action sites, highlighting innovations in treatment, land use, and successful partnerships with regulatory agencies.


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This document addresses issues of a general nature related to the federal RCRA regulations. Persons evaluating specific circumstances dealing with the RCRA regulations should review state and local laws and regulations, which may be more stringent than federal requirements. In addition, the assistance of a qualified professional should be enlisted to address any site-specific circumstances.